Formation and Effect of Moisture Contents to Kraft Paper’s Life of In-Service Power Distribution Transformer
Examples of solid and liquid electrical insulations for power transformer are mineral oil and cellulose based paper. As transformers performed their function to step-up or step-down voltage level, its’ insulations will be degraded. Paper insulation is considered the most critical component in a transformer insulation system because it is not easily replaced if compared to oil where it is easily reconditioned in-order to remove water and contaminants. Studies show that temperature, moisture contents and oxygen contributed to paper insulation degradation. Moisture and furanic compound were produced from these deterioration processes. This paper is focused on the formation and effect of moisture to Kraft paper’s life. Levels of moisture contents were obtained from in-service power distribution transformers. These data then is used to assess the Kraft paper’s life by means of Weibull plot. This study shows that level of moisture contents can be used to assess the life of Kraft paper insulation.
Gomesh Nair a/l Shasidharan, Muhammad Irwanto, Muhammad Mokhzaini Azizan and Baharuddin Ismail
I. Sutan Chairul et al., "Formation and Effect of Moisture Contents to Kraft Paper’s Life of In-Service Power Distribution Transformer", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 793, pp. 114-118, 2015