Behavior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa: Analysis of Experimental Data from Structural Dynamic Monitoring
Understanding the structural behavior of heritage buildings is usually a very complicated task because they typically present complex deterioration and damage patterns which cannot be fully evaluated by means of visual inspections. Moreover, the reliability of such constructions largely depends on different materials, structural components and details, the health of which is often unknown or affected by great uncertainties. In this regard, the experimental dynamic testing of heritage buildings and monuments subjected to ambient vibrations has become a valuable tool for their assessment because of the minimum interference with the structure. Traffic-induced vibrations are not always a feasible dynamic load for monumental buildings due to their very low intensity or owing to existing restrictions to road and rail traffic. On the other hand, the analysis of the experimental response under earthquakes can lead to more relevant information about the dynamic behavior of historic constructions, provided that the structure is equipped with a permanent sensor network. Within this framework, the present work illustrates preliminary results carried out from time and frequency domain analyses performed on the experimental dynamic response of the leaning tower of Pisa using seismic records. The main dynamic features of the monument have been identified, and then examined taking into account the seismic input and the soil-foundation-structure interaction.
Giorgio Monti and Enzo Martinelli
R. Bartelletti et al., "Behavior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa: Analysis of Experimental Data from Structural Dynamic Monitoring", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 847, pp. 445-453, 2016