摘要: To obtain high performance ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), fiber coatings are often
fabricated as the interphase between fiber and matrix. The SiC coating was synthesized at low
temperature and reduced pressure in the present experiment. SiC was derived from a gaseous
methyltrichlorosilane (MTS)/H2 precursor by chemical vapor infiltration (CVI). The thickness of the
coating was inspected by SEM. The correlation between the coating thickness and the depositing
conditions, i.e. the deposition temperature, the pressure, the deposition time per pulse and the pulse
number were investigated. Based on these work, the C/SiC double-layer coating was fabricated.
摘要: The in situ TiB whisker reinforced titanium matrix composites were prepared by mechanical
alloying followed by spark plasma sintering. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and
transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the microstructure of the TiB whiskers. The
effect of sintering temperature on morphologies of in situ TiB whiskers was evaluated. With the increase
of spark plasma sintering temperature, the average diameter of in situ TiB whiskers increased. The in situ
TiB whiskers exhibited a hexagonal shape with (100), (101) and (10 1 ) planes at the transverse section
and a growth orientation of TiB direction.
摘要: Mullite whiskers were prepared by sol-gel method. The preparing conditions, the morphology
and crystallite phase of the mullite whiskers were studied by Thermal analysis, XRD and SEM. The
results demonstrate that the uniform mullite whiskers with high aspect ratio were obtained in properly
preparing conditions and appropriate amount of fluorides.
摘要: Mesoporous MCM-41 materials were prepared using the conventional thermal and microwave
heating method. Both in conventional thermal and microwave heating synthesis of MCM-41, tetraethyl
orthosilicate (TEOS) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) were used as Si source and template,
respectively. Microwave heating was carried out in a modified 400 W, 2.45 GHz microwave oven.
In both methods, the crystallization temperatures was 70 °C and crystallization time was 3~12 h. The
prepared MCM-41 samples were characterized by XRD, TEM and SEM. The XRD patterns of MCM-41
samples prepared from both the methods were typical of a relatively well ordered material. TEM results
also revealed that the MCM-41 samples prepared from both the methods possess the regular hexagonal
array of mesoporous channels. On the contrary, SEM has shown the difference in morphologies of the
MCM-41 samples prepared from both the methods. The samples prepared by conventional thermal
heating method mainly consist of irregular and small particles, whereas the samples prepared by microwave
heating method have elongated rope-like structure and their length extends longer than 10 μm.
摘要: In this paper, the mechanical properties of porous Si3N4/SiC composite prepared by different
forming method (uniaxial pressing and gel-casting) were compared. Using gelcasting and two steps
sintering technology, the porous SiC-particle/Si3N4 composites with a high strength, uniform structure
and a relative high porosity were obtained by adding a little amount of nano carbon in slurry. The flexural
strength of optimized material reaches to 100MPa and its porosity is more than 60%. But using uniaxial
pressing and sintering at N2 atmosphere, because the green bodies have the high density, and the density
distribution of a powder compact was not uniform, the flexural strength is not high, and at the same time,
the microstructure is not uniform also.
摘要: To study the effect of second sintering on intragranular structure and mechanical properties of
10vol%Al2O3/3Y-TZP composites, the composites were prepared by ball-milling nano-γ-Al2O3 and
nano-ZrO2(3mol%Y2O3), pressing unidirectionally, cold-pressing isostatically, then first sintering at
1400°C for 2h and second sintering at 1600°C for 5h in air. The composition and microstructure of the
composites were examined by X-ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscope, transmission
electron microscope. The results showed that the second sintering changed the microstructure and
fracture mode. After second sintering, the structure of fine grains was changed into the mixed one of large
grains and small grains . Many large grains contained small grains, forming intragranular stucture that
could be produced by the interblending of not only Al2O3 and ZrO2 but also ZrO2 itself. The intergranular
fracture after first sintering was changed into transgranular fracture and intergranular fracture after second
sintering . The second sintering led to grinds growing up and intragranular forming, which enhanced the
contribution of the phase transformation toughening. Although the second sintering resulted in abnormal
increase of grain size, the fracture strength and the fracture toughness of the composite were 667 MPa and
12.9 MPa⋅m1/2, respectively, due to the intragranular structure and the enhanced phase transformation
摘要: The synthesis of aluminum titanate solid solution (Al2(1-x)MgxTi1+xO5, x=0, 0.1, 0.2) powders
was realized by solid state reaction method using fine commercial α-Al2O3, TiO2 and MgO powders as
raw materials. The effect of the introduced amount of MgO on the phase formation of aluminum titanate
solid solution was investigated by XRD following the phase evolution. It was revealed that the
introduction of MgO strongly affects the formation of Al2(1-x)MgxTi(1+x)O5 solid solution. The easily
formed MgTi2O5 acts as the nucleus prompting the formation and lowering the synthesis temperature. The
microstructure and properties of the solid solution ceramics were also studied by SEM and measuring the
fracture strength and the thermal expansion coefficient.
摘要: The effect of aluminium sol on the properties and microstructure of corundum-mullite
ceramics was investigated. The sample with 1.5 wt% aluminium sol possessed higher room-temperature
and high-temperature strengths, while the sample with 3 wt% aluminium sol had higher bulk density,
lower apparent porosity and better thermal shock resistance. Aluminium sol not only acts as a binder
instead of some polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), but also reacts with silica to form mullite, which improves the
properties and microstructure of the ceramics by increasing corundum and mullite phases.