作者: H. Li, J.Y. Ke, J.B. Pang, Bo Wang, Z. Wang

摘要: Defects induced by electron irradiation in Te-doped liquid-encapsulated Czochralski–grown GaSb were studied by the positron lifetime spectroscopy. The lifetime measurements under room temperature indicated there were VGa-related defects with a characteristic lifetime of 298 ps in the heavily Te-doped as-grown GaSb samples. The average lifetime increased with the increase of irradiation dose in lightly Te-doped GaSb,but the behavior was opposite in the heavily Te-doped samples. It should be due to the shift of Fermi level in heavily Te-doped GaSb and the occurrence of gallium vacancies in different charge states. In the temperature dependence measurements carried out on heavily Te-doped samples, we observed positron shallow trap, and this shallow trap should be attributed to positrons forming hyrogenlike Rydberg states with GaSb antisite defects.

140

作者: Zhi Wen Wu, Shu Shu, Da Ren Yu, Xiang Yang Liu, Ning Fei Wang

摘要: The wall material plays an important role for the electron current due to near wall conductivity in Hall Thrusters. A Monte Carlo method combined with a one dimensional steady sheath model is presented and is applied to simulate the electron conductive current due to near wall conductivity for the different channel wall materials of Hall thruster. The simulation results show that the higher the secondary electron emission (SEE) coefficient of the channel wall material is, the greater the electron conductive current is. Based on the simulation, a physical explanation is given from the viewpoint of near wall conductivity. For the channel wall material with low SEE coefficient, the secondary electrons taking part in the near wall conductivity becomes less. In addition, the absolute potential drop in the sheath near the wall increases, which means that the sheath can stop more electrons from colliding with the channel wall. And consequently the electron conductive current due to near wall conductivity is much less. The situation is vice verse for the channel wall material with high SEE coefficient. The simulation results are qualitatively in accordance with the experiments. The results can help to choose and design the wall material of the Hall Thrusters with a high performance.

519

摘要: We present an approach taking into account the effect of electron-electron (e-e) correlations on electron-positron (e-p) momentum density distributions. The approach bases on the modification of the Bethe-Goldstone (B-G) equation for the positron in the electron gas due to self-energy effects. The example calculations have been performed for selected parameters corresponding to simple metals. The calculated dependencies exhibit the increase of the e-p enhancement factors below Fermi momentum, like Kahana enhancements, and a decrease above the Fermi sphere, leading to a many-body “tail” in the e-p momentum density distributions. Moreover, the influence of lattice effects on enhancement factors (EF) is taken into account. This decreases by a few percent the absolute values of the e-p momentum distributions and the corresponding annihilation rates and for real metals such as Mg or Cu evidently improve the agreement with experiment.

5

作者: Zhi Peng Cai, Wen Zheng Yang, Wei Dong Tang, Xun Hou

摘要: Theoretical calculation indicates that the large exponential-doping GaAs photocathodes have a much narrower electron energy distribution than traditional GaAs NEA cathodes, and the excellent performance attributes to the special structure characters of the band-bending region and lower negative electron affinity of the new-type GaAs photocathodes. The effects of surface doping concentration and work function on the energy distribution are discussed in details, and the FWHM of the energy distribution is less than 100meV. The simulation results indicate that the large exponential-doping mode further improves the features of the electron energy spreads for GaAs photocathodes, which may meet the further demand of next generation of electron guns.

1302

作者: Ren Tu Ya Wu, Qi Zhao Feng

摘要: The energy levels of polaron in a wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN parabolic quantum well are investigated by adopting a modified Lee-Low-Pines variational method. The ground state energy, the transition energy and the contributions of different branches of optical phonon modes to the ground state energy as functions of the well width are given. The effects of the anisotropy of optical phonon modes and the spatial dependence effective mass, dielectric constant, phonon frequency on energy levels are considered in calculation. In order to compare, the corresponding results in zinc-blende parabolic quantum well are given. The results indicate that the contributions of the electron-optical phonon interaction to ground state energy of polaron in InxGa1-xN/GaN is very large, and make the energy of polaron reduces. For a narrower quantum well，the contributions of half-space optical phonon modes is large , while for a wider one, the contributions of the confined optical phonon modes are larger. The ground state energy and the transition energy of polaron in wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN are smaller than that of zinc-blende InxGa1-xN/GaN, and the contributions of the electron-optical phonon interaction to ground state energy of polaron in wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN are greater than that of zinc-blende InxGa1-xN/GaN. The contributions of the electron-optical phonon interaction to ground state energy of polaron in wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN (about from 22 to 32 meV) are greater than that of GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs parabolic quantum well (about from 1.8 to 3.2 meV). Therefore, the electron-optical phonon interaction should be considered for studying electron state in InxGa1-xN/GaN parabolic quantum well.

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