Development of Continuously Cooled High Strength Bainitic Steel through Microstructural Engineering at Tata Steel
Bainitic steels, which are transformed at very low temperatures, offer an excellent combination of strength and ductility where the strength comes from the nano-structured bainitic plates and thin-film of austenite sandwiched between two bainite sheaves offers the ductility. The main drawback of this structure is the long transformation time which is not ideal for industrial application. Through the microstructural engineering, the extent and kinetics of transformation can be manipulated by judicious selection of alloy composition and process variables. The main challenge is to delay the transformation till the coiling stage and allow the formation of bainite only during the cooling of the coil. In the current work, an approach will be shown, starting from the alloy design based on thermodynamics till the cooling after coiling, which can satisfy the requirements to develop such steel with 1300 MPa UTS combined with 20% elongation (min).
Asim Tewari, Satyam Suwas, Dinesh Srivastava, Indradev Samajdar and Arunansu Haldar
S. Das et al., "Development of Continuously Cooled High Strength Bainitic Steel through Microstructural Engineering at Tata Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 702-703, pp. 939-942, 2012