通过作者查论文: Tadashi Chida

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作者: Tatsuya Shinkawa, Tadashi Chida, So Furukawa, Taro Kamiya
摘要: JOGMEC has been carrying out the study on primary copper sulfide ores leaching for recovering copper economically and efficiently by heap leaching. In our study, we have been using the primary copper sulfide ore produced in an IOCG deposit. The ore is characterized by high iron content and high acid consumption in leaching. For the optimization of the leaching, the conditions such as ore size, agglomeration, pH and irrigation rate of leaching solution were examined with column leach tests. The best result was over 80 % extraction of copper in 150 days with leaching solution of 1 M sulfuric acid and temperature of 45 °C. In this experiment, the fines of the ore sample were removed before putting it into the column to keep the permeability of the ore bed. In these column leach tests, the Fe2+/total-Fe ratio of PLS decreased gradually by the activity of naturally grown iron-oxidizing bacteria. The bacteria in PLS, which have the ability of iron-oxidizing and sulfur-oxidizing, were identified by next-generation sequencing as Acidithiobacillus caldus and Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans. We also carried out bench-scale tests with about 200 tons of the primary copper sulfide ores. Iron-oxidizing and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were identified in the leaching solution as same with column leach tests. It is considered that the bacteria worked in the leaching solution and on the surface of the ores.
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作者: Seong Jin Joe, Tadashi Chida, Masatoshi Sakoda, Hidekatsu Nakamura, Muneyuki Tamura, N. Sato
摘要: This study reports the effect of sulfuric acid concentration on chalcopyrite chemical leaching in very simple H2SO4 solution systems ranging from 23g/L to 30g/L, with 2.5% chalcopyrite concentrate at 30°C. Copper extraction from chalcopyrite increases with an increase in sulfuric acid concentration, e.g. 86%, 90% and 92% after 96 days at 23g/L, 25/L and 27g/L H2SO4 solution respectively. Sulfur element formed on the surface of chalcopyrite was very porous as the result of an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA). Copper extraction, however, leveled out at 35% after 20 days when the sulfuric acid concentration was higher than 28g/L on 25g/L of chalcopyrite concentrate. Sulfur element was detected by X-ray analysis as only a leaching reaction product. The passivation may be caused by thick elemental surface formed on the surface of chalcopyrite.
353
作者: Tatsuya Shinkawa, Taro Kamiya, Kazuhiro Kojima, Tadashi Chida
摘要: Copper ore is classified into three groups; primary copper sulfide, copper oxide and secondary copper sulfide. Leaching copper from primary copper sulfide, such as chalcopyrite, with sulfuric acid takes longer time than from copper oxide and secondary copper sulfide. As such, an oxidant is required to extract copper from chalcopyrite. In this study, column leaching tests were carried out using primary copper sulfide ores produced in an iron oxide copper gold (IOCG) deposit and rich in iron in coparison to porphyry copper ores. The columns of 10 cm diameter and 100 cm long had a double tube structure so that the column temperature can be kept at desired temperature by circulating warm water in the outer tube. The oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of the leaching solutions were adjustedto 400, 450 and 500 mV vs Ag/AgCl. The column leaching test using just pH 2.0 sulfuric acid without adjustment of ORP at 45 °C got a copper recovery rate of 37 % in 400 days. On the other hand, with ORP adjusted leaching solutions of pH 2.0 sulfuric acid containing 500 mg/L Fe, the copper recovery rate reached up to 87 % in 400 days.In addition, it was necessary to keep the temperature above 45 oC to enhance copper leaching by ORP adjusted leaching solution. The result of the column leaching test at room temperature (around 30 °C) using ORP adjusted leaching solution shows that the recovery rate of copper is lower than the result at 45 °C. The ORP adjustment of leaching solution is effective for leaching copper from primary copper sulfide ore, however, the leaching temperature needs to be kept above 45 °C. As a result, it makes clear that copper leaching is enhanced by utilization of ORP adjusted leaching solutions and suggests that the solution ORP control is important to the application of bioleaching.
355
作者: Seong Jin Joe, Masatoshi Sakoda, Tadashi Chida, Yoshiharu Kida, Hidekatsu Nakamura, Muneyuki Tamura
摘要: Bioleaching studies have been conducted to obtain bacteria having a high ability to dissolve copper from chalcopyrite. For these studies, samples of mine drainage water which contain high concentrations of copper or iron ions in several abandoned mines in Japan were used to inoculate enrichment cultures on 0.16 M ferrous iron in the absence of chalcopyrite concentrate. Afterwards, these were accumulated and supplied to shaking-flask bioleaching tests on chalcopyrite concentrate. Copper dissolution rates were measured in chalcopyrite leaching experiments and compared with those using cell-free ferrous/ferric media. The copper dissolution rate in ferrous sulphate medium was higher than that in ferric sulphate medium. Moreover, tests in the presence of bacteria showed even an higher copper dissolution rate.
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