通过作者查论文: Peter D. Hodgson

文章题目页数

作者: Yun Cang Li, Cynthia Wong, Jian Yu Xiong, Peter D. Hodgson, Cui E Wen
摘要: Interest in using titanium (Ti) alloys as load-bearing implant materials has increased due to their high strength to weight ratio, lower elastic modulus, and superior biocompatibility and enhanced corrosion resistance compared to conventional metals such as stainless steel and Co-Cr alloys. In the present study, the in vitro cytotoxicity of five binary titanium alloys, Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb, Ti15Zr, Ti15Sn and Ti15Mo, was assessed using human osteosarcoma cell line, SaOS-2 cells. The Cell proliferation and viability were determined, and cell adhesion and morphology on the surfaces of the binary Ti alloys after cell culture were observed by SEM. Results indicated that the Ti binary alloys of Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb and Ti15Zr exhibited the same level of excellent biocompatibility; Ti15Sn alloy exhibited a moderate biocompatibility while Ti15Mo alloy exhibited a moderate cytotoxicity. The SaOS-2 osteoblast-like cells had flattened and spread across the surfaces of the Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb, Ti15Zr and Ti15Sn groups; however, the cell shapes on the Ti15Mo alloy was shrinking and unhealthy. These results indicated that the Mo contents should be limited to a certain level in the design and development of new Ti alloys for implant material applications.
295
作者: Wen Yi Yan, Qing Ping Sun, Peter D. Hodgson
摘要: The spherical indentation obeys Hertz contact theory when the applied load is within the elastic limit. Once the applied load is over the elastic limit, the indentation curve starts to deviate from the original purely elastic indentation curve. This deviation point, which indicates the start of the nonlinear deformation, is an important characteristic of a spherical indentation curve. The indentation force corresponding to the deviation point is related to a basic material constant, which is the yield stress for an elastic-plastic material or the transformation stress for a shape memory alloy. This relationship can be applied to measure the yield stress or the transformation stress from a simple spherical indentation curve. Detailed discussion on the relationship and the method is presented in this short paper.
2131
作者: Chun Hui Yang, Zhong Qing Su, Lin Ye, Li Min Zhou, Peter D. Hodgson
摘要: A series of digital frequency filters (DFFs) were designed to screen diverse noises and the spectrographic analysis was conducted to isolate complex boundary reflection, which obscures the damage-induced signals. The scale-averaged wavelet power (SAP) technique was applied to enhance the measurement accuracy of Time of Flight (TOF). As an example, the propagation characteristics of elastic wave in a structural beam of square cross-section were analyzed using such an approach and verified experimentally and numerically, with the consideration of the complicated wave scatter caused by the non-ignorable section dimensions.
1141
作者: A. Walsh, B. C. Baliga, Peter D. Hodgson
75
作者: A. Shokouhi, Hossein Beladi, Peter D. Hodgson
1295
作者: Buddhika Abeyrathna, Bernard Rolfe, Peter D. Hodgson, Matthias Weiss
摘要: V-sections were roll formed from two grades of steel, and the strain on the top and bottom of the strip near the edge was measured using electrical resistance strain gauges. The channels were bent to a radius of 2 and 15 mm along the centerline. The steel strips were of mild and dual phase steel of yield strength 367 MPa and 597 MPa respectively. The longitudinal bow was measured using a 3-dimensional scanning system. The strain measurements were analysed to determine bending and mid-surface strains at the edge during forming. The peak longitudinal edge strain increased with material yield strength for both profile radii. For the 15 mm radius, the bow was larger in the dual phase steel than in the mild steel. For the 2 mm profile radius, the bow was smaller compared with the 15 mm profile radius and it was similar for both steels. It was observed that the difference between the peak longitudinal edge strain and yield strength to Youngs modulus ratio of the material is an important factor in determining longitudinal bow.
153
作者: Chun Hui Yang, Ilchat Sabirov, Jonathan Mullins, Peter D. Hodgson
摘要: Nanostructured and ultra-fine grained metals have higher strength but extremely limited ductility compared to coarse grained metals. However, their ductility can be greatly improved by introducing a specific range of grain sizes in the microstructures. In the paper, multiscale unit cell approach (UCA) is developed and applied to predict the averaged stress-strain relations of the multiscale microstructure metals. The unit cell models are three-phase structured at different scale lengths of 100 nm, 1 μm and 10 μm with different volume fractions and periodic boundary conditions. The contributions of multi-scale microstructures to the macroscopic structural properties of metals are also studied using a analytic approach—two-step mean-field method (TSMF), where three microstructural parameters are introduced and thus mechanical properties such as strength and ductility are presented as a function of these parameters. For verification of these proposed numerical and theoretical algorithms, the structural properties of the pure nickel with three-grain microstructures are studied and the results from FEA and the proposed theory have good agreement.
83
作者: Jeerachai Supasuthakul, Peter D. Hodgson, Matthias Weiss, Chun Hui Yang
摘要: Analytical modelling of deep drawing process is of value in preliminary process design to illustrate the influence of major variables including friction and strain hardening on punch loads, cup dimensions and process limits. In this study, analytical models including theoretical solution and a series of finite element models are developed to account for the influences of process parameters including friction coefficient, tooling geometry and material properties on deep drawing of metal cups. The accuracy of both the theoretical and finite element solutions is satisfactory compared with those from experimental work.
104
作者: Xiao Jian Wang, Jian Yu Xiong, Yun Cang Li, Peter D. Hodgson, Cui E Wen
摘要: Current orthopaedic biomaterials research mainly focuses on developing implants that could induce controlled, guided and rapid healing. In the present study, the surface morphologies of titanium (Ti) and niobium (Nb) metals were tailored to form nanoporous, nanoplate and nanofibre-like structures through adjustment of the temperature in the alkali treatment. The in vitro bioactivity of these structures was then evaluated by soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF). It was found that the morphology of the modified surface significantly influenced the apatite inducing ability. The Ti surface with a nanofiber-like structure showed better apatite inducing ability, than the nanoporous or nanoplate surface structures. A thick dense apatite layer formed on the Ti surface with nanofiber-like structure after 1 week soaking in SBF. It is expected that the nanofibre-like surface could achieve good apatite formation in vivo and subsequently enhance osteoblast cell adhesion and bone formation in vivo.
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