通过关键词查论文: Ammonia Borane

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作者: Yong Zhou Sun, Jiu Hua Chen, Vadym Drozd, Shah Najiba
摘要: We conducted in situ Raman spectroscopy study on ammonia borane loaded in diamond anvil cell (DAC). The ammonia borane was decomposed at around 140 degree Celsius under the pressure ~0.7 GPa. Raman spectra show the hydrogen was desorbed within 1 hour at 140 degree Celsius. The hydrogen was sealed in the DAC well and cooled down near to room temperature. Applying higher pressure up to ~10 GPa indicates interactions between the products and loss of dihydrogen bonding. No rehydrogenation was detected in the pressure range investigated.Keywords: Ammonia borane; Diamond anvil cell; High pressure; Phase transition
1829
作者: Naoki Toyama, Tetsuo Umegaki, Qiang Xu, Yoshiyuki Kojima
摘要: Herein, we investigated the influence of the shell thickness of hollow silica-alumina composite spheres on their activity for hydrolytic dehydrogenation of ammonia borane (NH3BH3). Silica-alumina composite shells were fabricated by coating on polystyrene (PS) template particles and then completely removing the PS by calcination. Based on the transmission electron microscopy images, the shell thicknesses of the hollow spheres prepared using 5, 10, and 15 g of PS suspensions and coating times of 24.0, 7.0, and 1.5 h were 20, 13, and 5 nm, respectively. The results indicated that the shell thickness of homogeneous hollow spheres was controlled by adjusting the amount of PS suspension and the coating time. In the presence of the hollow spheres with shell thicknesses of 5, 13, and 20 nm, 10.0, 9.5, and 9.0 mL of hydrogen was evolved from aqueous NH3BH3 solutions for 13, 12, and 13 min, respectively. The molar ratios of the hydrolytically generated hydrogen to the initial NH3BH3 in the presence of the hollow spheres with shell thicknesses of 5, 13, and 20 nm were 2.6, 2.5, and 2.3, respectively. From these results, it can be inferred that the activity for the hydrolytic dehydrogenation of NH3BH3 increase with decrease of the shell thickness of the hollow spheres. The result of the temperature-programmed desorption profile of ammonia showed that in the number of amount of acid sites of the hollow spheres increase with decrease of the shell thickness of the hollow spheres. The results indicate the activity depends on the number of acid sites of the hollow spheres.
166
作者: Tetsuo Umegaki, Shunsuke Imamura, Naoki Toyama, Qiang Xu, Yoshiyuki Kojima
摘要: The present study reports a facile and effective approach for fabrication of hollow silica-alumina composite spheres. In this approach, silica-alumina composite walls were coated on polystyrene template by the sol-gel method using L(+)-arginine as a promoter for the reaction followed by calcination procedure. Using L(+)-arginine as a promoter of coating process, homogeneous hollow silica-alumina composite spheres are obtained and the wall thickness is larger than that of the hollow spheres prepared with ammonia. The hollow spheres shows high activity for hydrolytic dehydrogenation of ammonia borane compared with spherical silica-alumina composite particles without hollow structure, the hollow spheres prepared with ammonia, and conventional H-BEA zeolite. The results indicate that hollow structure plays important role to show high activity.
170
作者: Saghar Sepehri, Betzaida Batalla García, Qi Feng Zhang, Guo Zhong Cao
摘要: Ammonia borane (AB) with high gravimetric hydrogen capacity is of great interest for storing hydrogen in solid form which is an important issue in the growing field of hydrogen technology. In this work the effects of surface chemistry on dehydrogenation kinetics of carbon cryogel (CC) – ammonia borane nanocomposites have been studied. Boron-modified, nitrogen-modified, and boron-nitrogen- modified CCs were used as scaffold for AB and dehydrogenation kinetics of CC-ABs was studied by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at multiple heating rates. The results demonstrated that AB incorporated inside the mesopores of CC modified with nitrogen and boron possesses lower activation energy with enhanced kinetics of dehydrogenation due to catalytic effects as compared to AB in unmodified CC under otherwise the same or similar conditions. In addition, the lowest activation energy was observed for boron-modified CC-AB that could be attributed to the destabilization of AB by surface interactions with B2O3 that may accelerate the dehydrogenation process.
19
作者: Feng Cao, Zhen Yu Fang, Fei Chen, Qiang Shen, Si Qing Wang, Bin Li
摘要: Ammonia borane (AB) hydrides have been employed as disposable hydrogen (H2) sources for fuel cell applications, due to their high hydrogen capacity. In this paper, ammonia borane (AB) complex with high purity was synthesized by chemical method, using the low cost raw materials of NaBH4, CO2, and NH3. The thermal dynamic for the synthesis process is analyzed. The phase composition for the obtained ammonia borane (AB) complex powders was detected by X-ray diffraction (XRD) characterization. The results suggest that, very high purity ammonia borane (AB) complex powders were obtained, which was quite in agreement with the standard index of ammonia borane.
92
作者: Jian Li Ma, Hai Yan Cao, Xiao Xia Zhang, Dong Chen
摘要: Ammonia borane (NH3BH3, AB) is an excellent source of hydrogen(19.6 wt %) for fuel cell applications. In this paper, pure ammonia borane is successfully prepared by using amino complex for ammonia complex Ag(NH3)2Cl as new ammonia source, and sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as boron source. The composition and constitution of the products are measured by XRD and FT-IR. The thermolysis of ammonia borane is significant for its practical application. Boric acid plays a role in improving ammonia borane hydrogen performance. The effects of different mass ratio of boric acid and ammonia borane on dehydrogenation are tested by XRD, TG/DTA and TPD-MS. The results show that boric acid can decrease the first level dehydrogenation temperature of ammonia borane decrease to about 85°C (working temperature of PEMFC). What’s more, the onset temperature of AB’s thermolysis can decrease to about 60°C when the mass ratio of ammonia borane and boric acid is equal to 3:1. This makes ammonia borane be more suitable for the application in on-board hydrogen storage system.
529
作者: Wei Dong Qi, Li Xian Sun, Fen Xu, Yong Jin Zou, Hai Liang Chu
摘要: Ammonia borane received extensive attention due to its hydrogen content as high as 19.6%. In present article we prepared the Pt-Co/C catalyst via ultrasonic immersion method and in situ reduction method. The catalyst was characterized by measuring the specific area. The influence of the catalyst on the properties of the hydrolysis of ammonia borane was tested, and the catalytic activity of the catalyst in cycle use was verified. Results shows that the catalytic activity of Pt0.5Co0.5/C is the highest, and the maximum hydrogen generation rate is 7229.613 mL/ (g ·min). It was verified that it remained good catalytic activity after cycle use for more than 10 times.
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