通过关键词查论文: Growth Factor

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作者: Yasuhiko Tabata
摘要: A new therapeutic trial based on the self-healing potential of cells to naturally induce tissue regeneration, has been recently noted. To realize this regenerative medical therapy, it is highly required to efficiently combine cells with their local environment which basically allows cells to survive and biologically function in vivo through the essential interaction. Tissue engineering is a biomedical technology or methodology to create the local environment which promotes the proliferation and differentiation of cells to induce tissue regeneration. There are some cases where tissue regeneration can be induced only by supplying a cell scaffold of biomaterials. Drug delivery system (DDS) with biomaterials enhanced the in vivo biological activities of un-stable growth factor and gene for cell-induced tissue regeneration. The controlled release technology enabled growth factors to achieve the regeneration of various tissues experimentally and clinically. The DDS technology also augmented the biological functions of plasmid DNA and small interference RNA. The cells genetically engineered by the DDS gene system showed an enhanced therapeutic efficacy in cell-based tissue regeneration (cell-gene hybrid therapy). By making use of DDS technology, it is possible to suppress the deterioration and proceeding of chronic fibrotic diseases based on the self-healing potential inherently equipped in the living body. This paper emphasizes significance of biomaterials in tissue engineering for regenerative medical therapy.
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作者: Ning Yang, Lu Shi, Yi Bin Guo, Hao Zhang, Li Chen
摘要: Chitosan/Heparin (CS/Hep) modified temperature sensitive hydrogels of γ-PGA were prepared by layer-by-layer self-assembly process. The chemical structure of the hydrogels and the surface elements were characterized by FT-IR spectrograph, XPS and TBO staining. The biocompatibility of the CS/Hep modified ploy (γ-PGA-co-NIPAAm) hydrogels were analyzed by the experiments of cell adhesion, cell proliferation and low-temperature induced cell detachment. A temperature-sensitive hydrogels carrier that could specific binding to growth factor was prepared in this research.
527
作者: A. Hokugo, K. Mushimoto, S. Morita, Yasuhiko Tabata
摘要: Although clinically, grafting of vascularized autologous bone has been preferably performed, there are some disadvantages for this grafting therapy, such as the limited availability of donor site and the clinical difficulty to harvest the bone graft of desired shape and size. As one trial, we have designed a prefabricated vascularized bone graft by combining autologous vessels, particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM), and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with a biodegradable membrane. However, the volume of vascularized bone tissue newly formed was small and the density was low. In this study, the controlled system of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was combined with the conventional preparation method to improve the nature of vascularized bone graft. The femur vessels of rabbits were rolled with a membrane of L-lactide-ε-caploractone copolymer. Hydrogel microspheres of gelatin were prepared as the release carrier of bFGF. Autologous PCBM harvested from the beforehand tibia of rabbits was mixed with β-TCP granules with or without the microspheres incorporating bFGF and packed into the rolled membrane. When bone formation was assessed at different time intervals, additional mixing of bFGF significantly increased the volume of vascularized bone tissue compared to that without bFGF. It is concluded that combination of bFGF release system was a promising method to prefabricate the bone graft of large size with good blood circulation.
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作者: Makoto Ozeki, Yasuhiko Tabata
摘要: This study is an investigation to evaluate how the controlled release of different growth factors affects the hair follicle growth of mice in the second anagen stage of hair cycle. For the controlled release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), they were incorporating into biodegradable gelatin hydrogels, while a biodegradable collagen hydrogel was used for incorporation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). After subcutaneous implantation of the different hydrogels incorporating each growth factor or injection of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing the same dose of growth factor into the back of mice, the hair follicle growth was evaluated photometrically and histologically based on four parameters: the skin color of reverse side of the implanted or injected site, the number of vessels newly formed, the area occupied by hair follicle tissue, and the hair length. The area in close proximity to the implanted site of hydrogels incorporating growth factor was still dark in color 10 days after application. The hydrogel incorporating any type of growth factor enabled the hair follicles to increase the size, leading significantly enhanced area occupied by hair follicles per unit area of tissue. Implantation of the hydrogels incorporating growth factor increased significantly the number of blood vessels newly formed. Moreover, the length of hair shaft was elongated by the hydrogel incorporating growth factor to a significantly higher extent than the corresponding growth factor. Neither empty gelatin nor collagen hydrogels affected the hair follicle growth. These results indicate that the hydrogel incorporating growth factor induced the anagen-preservable activity. We conclude that the controlled release enabled growth factors to positively act on the hair growth cycle of mice, irrespective of the factor type.
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作者: Hai Bo Wen, Elizabeth A. Hippensteel, Pan Jian Li
摘要: Hydroxyapatite (HA) coating applied on metallic orthopedic joint implants can improve bone apposition, presumably through selective protein adsorption from blood plasma. However, the detailed interaction mechanism of HA coating with serum proteins remains to be largely elucidated. Protein adsorption behavior of a biomimetic apatite (BAp) coating in bovine calf serum and alpha calf fraction was investigated in this study. Plasma sprayed HA (PSHA) coating was tested in alpha calf fraction. The microstructure and composition of the coatings before and after serum incubation were characterized and the proteins adsorbed during the incubation were extracted from the coatings and analyzed. Microstructural transformation of the BAp coating accompanied by selective serum protein adsorption was observed after incubation in both media. The total protein amount adsorbed by the BAp coating in alpha calf faction was about three times that of the PSHA coating. To test the potential use of BAp coating as a carrier of therapeutic agents, interaction between the BAp coating and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 was studied. The growth factor was successfully loaded onto the coating in a sodium acetate buffer. Because of its high affinity to the coating, TGF-β1 could not be easily eluted in a bovine serum albumin containing solution but could be recovered after coating dissolution in acid. The strong protein adsorption property of the BAp coating was found to be due mainly to its unique nanoporous structure. The BAp coating can serve as an ideal carrier of therapeutic agents for aiding in the healing of bone and soft tissues.
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作者: N. Pattaraporncharoen, P. Pripatnanont, S. Suttapreyasri, N. Leepong
摘要: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is platelet concentration that contains growth factors and acts as a biodegradable scaffold. The aims of this study were to determinethe quantity ofentrappedgrowth factors (Platelet derived growth factor BB, PDGF-BB) in the PRF and radiographically assess the stability of the fibrin in maintaining the lifted sinus space in minipigs. From the in vitro study, PRF was found slowly releasing thegrowth factor, PDGF-BB, during the ex-vivo period of 60 minutes, and the amount (1,963.93±380.17 pg/ml) was comparable to the total amount from immediate extraction either by physical (2,492.2±199.78 pg/ml) or chemical lysis (2,227.32±566.59 pg/ml).In vivo study, PRF wasable to be retained in the sinus of minipigs with minimal collapse during the first 2 weeks after application. PRF has been proven to be a source for growth factors and is able to be retained in the body during the initial period of wound healing.
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作者: W.J.E.M. Habraken, O.C. Boerman, Joop G.C. Wolke, Antonious G. Mikos, John A. Jansen
摘要: Composites of gelatin microspheres and injectable calcium phosphate cement were prepared to increase cement resorption and improve tissue ingrowth. To further enhance these properties, osteoinductive growth factors can be introduced into the microspheres. In this study, the in vitro release of preset gelatin microsphere/CaP composites was followed for 6 weeks by use of 125I-labelled rhBMP-2, rhTGF-β and rh-bFGF. Results for all gelatin microsphere composites showed a release curve that consisted of a small burst, followed by a sustained release. The magnitude of the sustained release was dependent on the growth factor used, and showed a slight dependency on the loading method and type of gelatin. Furthermore, no differences in release pattern or efficiency were found when growth factor concentration increased.
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作者: T. Yamazaki, Jiro Tamura, Takashi Nakamura, Yasuhiko Tabata, Y. Matsusue
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作者: Gang Liu, W. Fan, X. Miao, Yin Xiao, David Good, M.Q. Wei
摘要: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP-7) are key regulators of angiogenesis and osteogenesis during bone regeneration. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of realizing sequential release of the two growth factors using a novel composite scaffold. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-Akermanite (AK) microspheres were used to make the composite scaffold, which was then loaded with BMP-7, followed by embedding in a gelatin hydrogel matrix loaded with VEGF. The release profiles of the growth factors were studied and selected osteogenic related markers of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were analysed. It was shown that the composite scaffolds exhibited a fast initial burst release of VEGF within the first 3 days and a sustained slow release of BMP-7 over the full period of 20 days. The in vitro proliferation and differentiation of the BMSCs cultured in the osteogenic medium were enhanced by 1 to 2 times, resulting from the additionally and sequentially release of growth factors from the PLGA-AK/gelatin composite scaffolds.
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