通过关键词查论文: Smart Sensors

文章题目页数

作者: Guang Feng Chen, Hao Chun Sun, Lin Lin Zhai, Le Le Peng
摘要: Yarn breaking is one of the most common problems in textile weaving. Focus on this problem this paper proposed capacitance based detecting-circuit to sense the status of yarn. The sensor adopts a capacitance sensor to detect the yarn on weaving machine. The yarn breaking will lead the little change in electric capacity. To detect the yarn status, Design a 555 based frequency generator circuit with capacitance sensor as one of the input. The pulse generated form 555 circuit is transmitted to MCU, MCU analysis of frequency changes to judge whether the yarn is broken and send relative control signals and location information of yarn breakage to HMI.
1840
作者: Gao Ping Wang, Yong Hong, Byeong Hee Han, Dong Pyo Hong, Young Moon Kim
摘要: The use of multi-type joints, such as rivet joints, adhesive joints, lap joints, L-shape joints, etc., has been driven by the need for stronger and lighter structures, particularly in bridges, aerospace structures, pipeline systems, automobiles industry. Among the multi-type joints, lap joints and L-shape joints possess a considerably important position. Moreover, in many real-field situations, it is not accessible to such joints, and thus it gives additional difficulties to detect damages. Fortunately, the electro-impedance method based on the use of smart sensors provides special opportunities for damage detection of such joints, which are not easy or impossible to be accessible. The piezoelectric-ceramic sensors which simultaneously act as an actuator and sensor are widely used for structural health monitoring. In the high frequency range, the electro-impedance-based technique using a piezoelectric-ceramic patch is very sensitive for the evaluation of the incipient and small damages. A large amount of experiments were executed and several conditions were imposed to simulate real-time damage, such as the bolt loosening and bolt absence. The different indices are discussed and executed to efficiently quantify the damage conditions. The theory behind this technique and the experimental investigations are presented in this paper. The analytical results strongly show the detectability and reliability of this method.
279
作者: A. D'Alessandro, A. Meoni, F. Ubertini
摘要: The progress of nanotechnology resulted in the development of new instruments in the civil engineering and its applications. In particular, the use of carbon nanofillers into the matrix of construction materials can provide enhanced properties to the material in both of mechanical and electrical performance. In constructions, concrete is among the most used material. Due to the peculiarities of its components and its structure, it is suitable to modifications, at the nanometer level too. Moreover, to guarantee structural safety it is desirable to achieve a diffuse monitoring of structures in order to identify incipient situations of damages and possible risk for people. The ideal solution would be to realize structures able to identify easily and quickly their behavior modifications. This paper presents a research work about the characterization of the self-sensing abilities of novel cementitious composites with conductive carbon nanoinclusions and their application into a structural reinforced concrete beam. The self-sensing evidence is achieved through the correlation between the variation of strains and the variation of electrical resistance or resistivity. Nanomodified cement pastes with different carbon nanofillers has been tested. The experimental campaign shows the potentialities of this new types of sensors made of nanomodified concrete for diffuse Structural Health Monitoring.
12
作者: Tadeusz Uhl, Tomasz Barszcz, Artur Hanc
381
作者: Mircea Murar, Stelian Brad
摘要: A modality to boost up the abilities of simple sensors for providing extended configurability options and plug-and-play capability along with great scalability, integrability, rapid customization and modularity is reported in this paper. An embedded architecture that requires both electronic and software designs is employed for expanding sensor capability. Self-integration, configuration, data computation from the sensor, analog-to-digital data conversion and data processing relative to configuration options are investigated. Based on the approach proposed, an embedded sensor-system, consisting of a network of microcontrollers and sensors capable to respond to configurability and fast integrability requirements, is built and tested within this research. Tests have shown the smart sensor-system is functional, feasible, cost-effective, easy-to-use and highly reconfigurable. Integration of such sensors within reconfigurable, autonomous and distributed manufacturing systems is thus possible.
597
作者: Maciej Rosół
摘要: The paper is devoted to an investigation of a Radio Frequency (RF) measuring-control system equipped with sensors and actuators distributed along the cable. Displacement, acceleration and strain sensors together with an actuator and PWM type control signals can be used. This system is configured to operate with the experimental setup specially developed to study MR damper performance for vibration suppression of cables. The RF measuring-control system structure, transmission protocol and radio disturbances problem are discussed. The experimental results for the cable laboratory system are presented.
696
作者: Benoit Olbrechts, Bertrand Rue, Thomas Pardoen, Denis Flandre, Jean Pierre Raskin
摘要: In this paper, novel pressure sensors approach is proposed and described. Active devices and oscillating circuits are directly integrated on very thin dielectric membranes as pressure transducers. Involved patterning of the membrane is supposed to cause a drop of mechanical robustness. Finite elements simulations are performed in order to better understand stress/strain distribution and as an attempt to explain the early burst of patterned membranes. Smart circuit designs are reported as solutions with high sensitivity and reduced footprint on membranes.
145
作者: W.J. Staszewski
摘要: Structural damage detection and monitoring is one of the major maintenance activities in transportation, processing and civil engineering. Current procedures are based on scheduled inspections which are often time/labour consuming and expensive. Guided ultrasonic waves offer the ability of inspecting large structures with a small number of transducers. Recent developments in smart sensor technologies allow for integration of these transducers with monitored structures. This is associated with a new design philosophy leading to more efficient and economically attractive structures. The paper briefly discusses various damage detection methods based on structural, ultrasonic and guided ultrasonic waves. The focus is on recent research advances in damage monitoring techniques, smart sensor technologies and signal processing.
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